The situation of Roma in 11 EU Member States. Survey results at a glance

small calendar icon

Publication year:


small globe icon


small file information icon


pdf (4.0 MiB)

small number of pages icon


FRA, European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights,UNDP, United Nations Development Programme

Roma – Europe’s largest minority of 10-12 million people – are victims of racism, discrimination and social exclusion. Of those surveyed in this report, one in three is unemployed, 20 % are not covered by health insurance, and 90 % are living below national poverty lines. Although governments and societies have been aware of Roma exclusion and deprivation, the magnitude and the similarity of exclusion patterns across EU Member States is striking and leaves no excuse for delaying swift, effective action to improve the situation.
This report is based on the findings of the FRA European Union Minorities and Discrimination Survey (EU-MIDIS), which ciovered Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, France, Greece, Italy, Hungary, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, and Spain. It is only a first step in addressing the severe lack of data on the socio-economic situation of Roma in the EU and the fulfilment of their rights. The evidence shows that the nature of the challenges many Roma are facing in the EU requires policy responses which articulate development efforts within a rights-based approach. Such policy responses must tackle the socio-economic barriers that Roma face while also ensuring that their fundamental rights are respected.

SubscribeSubscribe and receive reading selections

LibrarySave all your favorite materials for future use

UploadUpload research & contribute to the collection

By browsing the Resource Centre you are agreeing to our use of cookies. Read our cookie policy.