Studies, Reviews and Research

As Local as Possible, as International as Necessary: Understanding capacity and complementarity in humanitarian action

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HPG, Humanitarian Policy Group,ODI, Overseas Development Institute

Many international humanitarian organizations have decided to localize humanitarian action. However, the localization agenda has been interpreted and understood differently by actors at the international and local levels. This is due to a lack of clarity around key terms, but also the understanding and assessment of actors’ capacities to respond to crises.

This working paper outlines the key trends and issues highlighted in the literature on localization. It also reviews operational examples and provides important implications and recommendations for current and future practice. 

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