Studies, Reviews and Research

Fast-breathing vs Chest-indrawing Childhood Pneumonia: Baseline characteristics

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Elsevier Ltd.

In resource-constrained settings, World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines recommend using clinical symptoms and signs to classify and treat pediatric pneumonia (World Health Organization (WHO), 2014). Children with cough lasting <14 days or difficulty breathing and fast breathing for age or chest indrawing, in the absence of general or respiratory danger signs, are classified as having nonsevere pneumonia; what is unclear is whether aside from having fast breathing vs chest indrawing, do these children. present differently?

This is an open access article under the CC BY license (

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