Globally, pneumonia, diarrhea and malaria account for nearly one third of all deaths in children under the age of five. Well-established, low-cost interventions to prevent and treat these and other infectious diseases exist, but they are not reaching the children in need. In developing countries, just one in three children with suspected pneumonia receive appropriate antibiotic treatment, and just two in every five children with diarrhea receive appropriate care. Children living in poor households or in hard to reach areas suffer a disproportionate share of this burden. At global level, the delivery of a targeted package of preventive and curative medicals such as the provision of antibiotics, oral rehydration therapy, and antimalarials could prevent nearly two-thirds of under-five deaths.
Save the Children's child health programs work with governments, civil society and communities to promote healthy behaviors, deliver lifesaving vaccines, and prevent and treat the three major childhood killers: pneumonia, diarrhea and malaria. The delivery of WHO-recommended childhood immunizations include the rotavirus and pneumococcal vaccines; and malaria control, with particular emphasis on the use of insecticide treated bed nets and intermittent treatment during pregnancy.
The organization focuses particular attention on empowering frontline health workers to reach the hard to reach.
Photo: Tommy Trenchard / Save the Children
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Commissioned by UNICEF, this study assessed whether integrated community case management (iCCM) strength, quality of care, and use of services were sufficient to have a substantial effect on child mortality in the test region of Oromia, Ethiopia.
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