Why Do Children Undertake the Unaccompanied Journey? Motivations for departure to Europe and other industrialised countries from the perspective of children, families and residents of sending communities in Afghanistan

This report is a collaborative research project by UNHCR and the Afghanistan Research and Evaluation Unit (AREU) to examine the specific circumstances and motivations leading Afghan children to travel to Europe and other industrialised countries.

Through a literature review and qualitative data collection in Afghanistan, this study finds that children were motivated to unaccompanied travel due to a combination of inter-related factors: poverty, insecurity, inadequate opportunities for education and employment, and family and peer expectations. This report explores these inter-related factors and provides seven recommendations for civil society, the Afghan government, and other invested parties.

Published 2015-03-03

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