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This report addresses the devastating impact of HIV/AIDS on children and families in Sub-Saharan Africa, a region that is home to over 80% of the 15 million children under the age of 18 who have been orphaned by the pandemic worldwide. The health, education, safety, and survival of increasing numbers of children are particularly at risk in African countries that are heavily affected by
HIV/AIDS, poverty and disease. The most promising solutions to this mounting crisis look beyond orphanages and institutional care to more sustainable, cost-effective, and developmentally appropriate alternatives. The publication highlights the programmes and strategies that help ensure that children remain in family care within their communities by reducing discrimination, ensuring access to education, creating income, and providing direct support. It is the intent of this report to offer a better understanding of community-based organisations and the vital role they play in supporting the needs of children and families affected by HIV/AIDS.