Childrens rights in general: The current political and economic situation is affecting the fulfillment of a wide range of children’s rights. Besides economic hardships and poverty, the government's already meager expenditure on basic social services is expected to further decline. The global financial crisis has also affected the donors' ability to meet their earlier commitments made in Oslo in 2005. Moreover, the EC flow of funding to Sudan will be seriously affected in the future, as Sudan has not signed the revised Cotonou Agreement that calls for fight against impunity and promotion of criminal justice through the International Criminal Court (ICC).
Children have by far been one of the main victims of the prolonged periods of conflict and unrest in Sudan. The long history of conflicts in Sudan has resulted in wider forms of child rights violations besides inadequate livelihood systems, insufficient adult support, limited access to education, health care, and inadequate physical environment. Moreover, although the north-south conflict has ended, the scars remain, having a negative impact on a wide spectrum of children’s rights. Family support to children is insufficient and government policies do not adequately address the country's socio-economic problems, and the issues of poverty and displacement.
Discrimination against children: Discrimination against children exists in Sudan due to a number of reasons, which can be classified based on gender, disability and ethnicity. The cultural beliefs, misconceptions and traditional harmful practices of physical and humiliating punishments (PHP) and female genital mutilation (FGM), early marriage, insufficient attention to girls’ education, limited support to poverty-stricken and marginalized families especially child and women headed households; children accompanying mothers in prisons, children born out of wedlock, existence of worst forms of child labor and in particular the phenomena of child soldiers in the on-going war in Darfur and other post conflict areas notably East, Blue Nile State and South Kordofan speaks for the dilapidated and adverse conditions of children living in Sudan.
Child protection: Due to inadequate budgetary allocations to Child- protection or Child related ministries, there are massive gaps in basic social services provision for children. In addition to this, inadequate access to basic services as well as poor living conditions for both IDPs and refugee children is a common feature even in the capital Khartoum. Further, other child protection issues for children living in IDP sites in Khartoum include: unlawful detention, arbitrary arrest and harassment by Law Enforcing Agencies, exposure to violent/ inappropriate films, drug/substance abuse and sexual exploitation... However, the establishment and expansion of the Family and Child Protection Units under the Police forces and the final endorsement of the Child Act 2010 brings a lot of hope for child protection.
Survival and development: Infant mortality is 63/1,000 live births, under 5 mortality is around 93/1,000 births, maternal mortality 590/100,000 live birth, and access to a clean water source is very low. Although there is about 54% net, attendance ratio in education but rapid deterioration of the qualitative and quantitative aspects of education has resulted in about 50% school dropouts for children of school-going age.
Capacity and political will at the public sector: The government’s socio-economic policies until recently were devoid of child friendly national legislations and juvenile justice system is also weak. Government institutions lack strategic direction and proper planning which attribute to weak institutional and organizational capacity. Budgetary allocations for children remain very low compared to the size and scale of children’s needs in Sudan. The newly endorsed Child Act 2010 has to be widely disseminated and implemented as it enshrines the legal framework needed to realize children’s rights. However, it doesn’t criminalize practicing FGM as one of the severe child rights abuses. The official support to the national civil society is mainly selective and meager while the strengthening of civil society is key prerequisite to monitor children’s rights.
Young and on the Move: Children and youth in mixed migration flows within and from the Horn of Africa
The purpose of this study is to provide an updated overview of children and youth as specific (albeit non-homogenous) groups in mixed migration flows within, through and from the Horn of Africa. The report does not purport to be exhaustive, but rather to
Save the Children’s European Refugee Crisis Response Dashboard provides the latest information on the European Refugee Crisis in Europe. This short report provides key figures and information on the current state of the crisis in Europe, as of the 29 th o
Compiled by the Child Protection Working Group (CPWG), this report presents facts and figures on child protection in emergencies. Data was collected for the 42 countries that have a Humanitarian Coordinator or that were on the Inter-Agency's Standing Comm
Produced and published by UNICEF, this publication investigates how conflict in the Middle East is depriving children of their schooling. As conflict continues and spreads, schools – and the children and teachers that use them – are finding themselves in
In response to the humanitarian crisis and in light of the serious impact on children, UNHCR and child protection partners decided to jointly develop a Regional Framework for the Protection of South Sudanese and Sudanese Refugee Children (the Regional Chi
Regional Review of the Child Protection Response for the South Sudanese and Sudanese Refugee Children
The expectant prospects of the world’s youngest nation were shattered on December 2013, when violence broke out in South Sudan’s capital, quickly spreading to other locations throughout the country. With almost 70% of the refugees from South Sudan and Sud
This report contains the papers presented at the conference: ”The Constitutional Protection of Human Rights in Sudan: Challenges and Perspectives”. This conference was hosted and organized by the Faculty of Law of the University of Khartoum on January 15,
Unaccompanied and separated children (UASC) are vulnerable to many threats and face particular protection challenges and an uncertain future. This publication looks at the lives of UASC in Egypt, Ethiopia, Sudan, and Yemen. It examines the particular and
Conciliation Resources and partners conducted a thorough appraisal and investigation of current approaches to civilian protection and reintegration of former Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) members and those who have been LRA victims. Research was conducted
Protecting girls to be saleema in Sudan: An expression of accepting the shift in the norm of cutting girls
As the world poises to celebrate 25 years of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, Samira Amin Ahmed broaches the subject of Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting in Sudan. The Saleema Initiative grew from the recognition of a critical lan