Children in Somalia live in a rights ‘limbo’ as they lack access to an international system that can promote their rights and hold their national states (SL, PL, CSS1) accountable. With complete absence of any structures to uphold the rights of children in CSS, at least SL government has made progress to align laws and policies to international standards of UNCRC. PL state is making strides towards establishing systems and structures that may ultimately protect children.
Overall, children's voices are rarely heard, no elaborate mechanisms exist to ensure the best interest of children and many children continue to face discrimination. Children in the CSS remain in protracted conflict, a majority of them out of school and many serving in armed groups or facing threat of recruitment as child soldiers. This is in total breach of the International Human Rights Laws.
Harmful traditional practices:
Children across Somalia are subjected to female genital mutilation, early marriages, corporal punishment, removal of incisors and cupids; dietary restrictions; child labour (54.9% in CSS); illness treatment practices that leave children hurt; revenge, discrimination and preference of a boy child among others. These practices are more common in rural areas than in urban centres.
Children without appropriate care and children on the move:
- CSS: Total orphans – 1%; 1,860 children live on the streets; 39.9%/35.4% orphans & non orphans aged 0-4 yrs are underweight; 93% of street children have never been to school2;
- SL: Abandoned and street children lack primary care. They are growing in number and are vulnerable to drug abuse, and lack access to health care, education & rehabilitation3.
Emergency situations and children:
- CSS: 120 children died from conflict related incidences in 2010; 277 subjected to assault/attacks.
- One in every seven Somali children dies before the age of five; one in every five children living in the CSS is malnourished.
- Most of Somalia is in security phase IV (program suspension), with Mogadishu and other areas of South-Central in Phase V (evacuation). 10% of the disabled children in CSS are disabled as a result of conflict4.
- Overall, less than 100,000 of the country's internally displaced children attend primary school5.
- 54.9% of children in CSS are involved in child labour6.
- 20% of children in SL are affected by child labour with increasing trends but decreasing in the rural areas.
Many children are the first generation in their family to go to school. Schools continue to use corporal punishment as a form of discipline. It is seen as an issue in rural and urban settings. The CRSA in SL confirmed that one of the lessons children learn is that if you want to get someone to do something, use violence or inflict pain.
- SL – Somaliland; PL –Puntland; CSS – Central South Somalia: the three states of Somalia
- CSS CRSA 2010
- SL CRSA 2010
- CRSA CSS
- UNHCR Briefing Sheet 2010
- CRSA CSS
As part of responding to the prolonged drought and preparing for further deterioration of the situation caused by possible failure of gu rain in April-May, Save the Children has undertaken SMART surveys in seven districts to measure the extent of malnutri
Young and on the Move: Children and youth in mixed migration flows within and from the Horn of Africa
The purpose of this study is to provide an updated overview of children and youth as specific (albeit non-homogenous) groups in mixed migration flows within, through and from the Horn of Africa. The report does not purport to be exhaustive, but rather to
Save the Children’s European Refugee Crisis Response Dashboard provides the latest information on the European Refugee Crisis in Europe. This short report provides key figures and information on the current state of the crisis in Europe, as of the 29 th o
Compiled by the Child Protection Working Group (CPWG), this report presents facts and figures on child protection in emergencies. Data was collected for the 42 countries that have a Humanitarian Coordinator or that were on the Inter-Agency's Standing Comm
Humanitarian responses in conflict affected contexts are faced with difficult challenges in ensuring delivery of quality programs in volatile operating contexts such as those found in Somalia. As such, learning and accountability call for multiple and inn
Bingwa: Fighting Corruption by Building Integrity in the Children of Africa: Celebrating Children's Rights 25 Years Later
This special edition celebrates the 25th anniversary of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) by examining the progress of child rights in East Africa over the years. It places special emphasis on the experiences and stories of
A first systematic review of Female Genital Mutilation/ Cutting (FGM/C), a traditional practice that involves partial or total removal of the external female genitalia or other injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons. Authors Rigmor C.
Turned away- Summary Returns of Unaccompanied Migrant Children and Adult Asylum Seekers from Italy to Greece. Human Rights Watch Report
This report released by Human Watch documents the failure of Italian border police at the Adriatic ports of Ancona, Bari, Brindisi, and Venice to screen adequately for people in need of protection, in violation of Italy’s legal obligations. It is based on
Livelihoods at the limit: Reducing the risk of disasters and adapting to climate change. Evidence from the consolidated Household Economy Analysis database
This report draws on the compiled Household Economy Analysis dataset and analysis tools to answer some of the most pressing questions about disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation in a range of livelihood contexts:- Which single shock has th
In 2011, in the midst of the devastating Horn of Africa drought, Save the Children launched the largest ever multi-country humanitarian response covering three countries: Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia, the most severely impacted by the drought. Thousands of