Kyrgyzstan

Children in Kyrgyzstan are recovering from the ethnic violence in the country in 2010. The emergency disrupted education, health services and psychosocial wellbeing. Child protection concerns that existed before the emergency were exacerbated as parents were affected, and this impacted on the level of care and support they provided for their children. In Kyrgyz Republic, child abuse and neglect is rarely addressed because it is considered a private, family matter. According to a recent UNICEF study, 89% of parents interviewed admitted to abusing or neglecting their children. 42.6% of those interviewed cited that they were so caught up in their own problems that they were not able to care for their children.

Juvenile justice and institutionalisation are some of the major concerns of children. Peace and reconciliation needs to be promoted to ensure children grow in harmony with one another despite the difference in ethnic background.

Harmful traditional practices

Child marriage is reported to take place in Kyrgyzstan. There is not adequate data to support this, but Unicef statistics mention that 10% of children undergo child marriage.

Children without appropriate care and children on the move

20,750 children are living in residential institutions, not including those in unregistered private institutions for which data is unavailable. This number has nearly doubled since 2003 when government increased building of new institutions. It is estimated that 9 out of 10 children living in institutions have at least one parent alive

There is no comprehensive/ available data on child trafficking. However, IOM with a partner runs 2 centres for return, rehabilitation and reintegration of trafficked persons.

Emergency situations and children

An emergency was declared in June 2010 as a result of ethnic violence between the Kyrgyz and Uzbek populations in Kyrgyzstan. This caused a displacement of an estimated 400, 000 people with reports of mass killings of more than 400 people, rape and looting. Calm prevailed after elections took place in October 2010, but the loss of trust between the different ethnic communities is evident .

Corporal Punishment

UNICEF reports that 54% of children undergo corporal punishment. A recent study revealed that majority of parents (92.9%) use positive discipline, such as explaining why something was wrong or taking away some privileges. However, harsh verbal abuse and psychological abuse was also used, negating the effects of the positive discipline .

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