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Despite the nearly universal access to elementary learning, there are still thousands of children out of the school system. It is necessary to extend the education equipment for children 0 to 6 years old, as well as to ensure the basic quality education by means of initiatives, such as the teachers’ qualification.

Social protection: the problems are still numberless; among them, the lack of quantitative data, which makes difficult the identification of the problem dimension, as the child labor, the sexual abuse and the deaths due to external causes.

The social educational policies still show a deficit and the child labor still steals the childhood of millions of children and adolescents. Urban violence has victimized many youngsters and remains a major problem. 

There are a number of factors that influence the premature entry of children and adolescents to the world of work. According to the International Labor Organization (ILO), special mention is warranted for those related to the social-economic vulnerability of the families, as well as social aspects that lead families to think that children must take on responsibilities prematurely.

The damage caused by child labor is multiple, including the abandonment of education and deprivation of the right to family life and leisure. 

The activity that mostly uses child laborers is agriculture. One of the main difficulties in combating child labor in the rural zone is the lack of schools and the difficulty to access them. Children are also engaged in domestic child labor, farming, drug trafficking, commercial sexual exploitation and informal urban labor.

There is no systematized and standardized information available to provide a reliable dimension of the problem in the country.


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