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In Bangladesh, poverty, discrimination, and the effects of natural disasters pose serious challenges to children. Maternal mortality rates remain unacceptably high in Bangladesh, despite significant improvements over the past 20 years. 

Poverty is a big threat to primary education. Adult literacy rates have increased, but remains very low. The practice of child labour is prevalent and a reason why many children are dropping out of school.There is a rising number of children living or working in urban centres, notably in the capital city. These children become prime targets of organised child trafficking rings.

Trafficking, sexual abuse and exploitation are major threats for children. Many girls from Bangladesh are trafficked into India for purposes of sexual exploitation. Boys from Bangladesh are trafficked to Middle-Eastern countries to be engaged as camel jockeys. Domestic violence is a daily reality for many and dowry-related crimes are reported to be increasing. Dowry crimes and early and forced marriages, have a direct impact on girls' health, development and full enjoyment of their rights. Girls also experience gender-based violence as a result of these practices.

There are many laws that seek to protect children from negligence, cruelty, exploitation and abuse and to promote their development. However, implementation of these laws is as a challenge. There is a lack of enforcement mechanisms of specific laws to protect child workers and very limited data on the number of affected children.


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