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Albania is one of the poorest countries in Europe. Poverty combined with lack of basic services and increased urbanization has led to large numbers of children living under increased “risk” and denied their rights, especially to basic health care, education, and security.

Poor children are highly likely to live in large households, with higher rates of poverty in rural than in urban areas. Poverty is weakening familiar bonds, causing the increase in the number of children living with one parent and of those placed temporarily under the care of relatives or social welfare structures. 

Roma/Egyptian children in Albania continue to suffer exclusion and segregation in kindergarten and school. Violence against children in Albania is also an issue of concern. 

Child marriage among minority communities, such as the Roma, is common in Albania, with the vast majority being girls. Albania is also a source country for men, women, and children subjected to trafficking in persons, specifically forced prostitution and forced labor, including the forced begging of children. Legal reform and building professional and institutional capacity to handle issues of abuse and exploitation is very slow. Albanian victims are subjected to conditions of forced labor and sex trafficking within Albania and Greece, Italy, Macedonia, Kosovo, and Western Europe. The Government of Albania does not fully comply with the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking; however, it is making significant efforts to do so.



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